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Ruhmkorff coils
Fuel for tubes
Heinrich Daniel Ruhmkorff (1803-1877)
A German engineer working in Paris opened his own workshop in Paris in 1837 producing scientific instruments. He gave his name to the high tension coil around 1855 which was able to generate tensions up to 200KV. It was a further development of techniques used before.
The instrument consist of a small primary coil and a large secondary coil where the high tension is formed by a mechanical breaker system. In the wooden base there is room for an capacitor made of paper and metal foil.

Ruhmkorff coils were used to activate the Crookes, Geissler and X-ray tubes.
Most of the coils come from the last quarter of the 19th and beginning of  20th Century, the dimensions vary from small to huge ones, depending on the amount tension that was needed which was expressed in centimeters. 

The coils are real often beauties with nice lacquered mahogany base and brass connections or switches.
 Heinrich Daniel Ruhmkorff
          1803-1877
Early advertisement of Ruhmkorff coils and Geissler tubes.
This is a German Ruhmkorff small coil from the beginning of the 20th Century.
It measures 8x15cm.
French Radiguet Ruhmkorff coil
early 20th Century.  22x12cm
Close-up of the breaker system.
  In the wooden bottom (box) of the old Ruhmkorff or spark 
  coil you will find a capacitor witch consists of paper 
  and metal foil. In one of my coils the paper sheets were
  old book pages with photographs of pre WW I soldiers!
The early power source, the Grenet Cell
  The Grenet Cell or pile invented by the German
  Johann Christian Poggendorff (1796-1877)
  It is a galvanic battery filled with an acid solution  
  potassium dichromate. The electrodes are made 
  of zinc and carbon and generates 1,96 Volts, in 
  practice many cells were coupled to make a 
  workable power source.
  The voltage rapidly dropped when the cells were
  used. The zinc element which is positioned in the
  middle can be shifted upwards or lowered by the
  middle connection on top.
Two small French Ruhmkorff coils early 20th century.
Sizes 15x9 and 7x12cm. These two coils are from the same manufacturer and were mainly used for activating small Geissler tubes and other physics  experiments. Often sold as a complete kit including Geissler rotator for education.
Two Small Ruhmkorf coils with sliding secondary coil.
With the sliding secondary coil the high tension can be regulated.
Often used for medical use. They have ivory switches in order to change the polarity. Measures 25x10 cm. and 35x12 cm
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A Pericaud toy experiment box ~1920
containing a Grenet cell with a bottle of potassium dichromate, Ruhmkorff coil, and a small Geissler tube.